- College Code : 032
- College Website : https://www.abes.ac.in
- College Name: ABES ENGINEERING COLLEGE, GHAZIABAD
- College Address : 19th Km Stone, NH:24, Delhi Hapur Bye Pass Road,Ghaziabad
The Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, ABES Engineering College, Ghaziabad has conducted one-week FDP on “Power Electronics in renewable Energy” during 8th July- 12th July 2019. The FDP was open to all disciplines of engineering and designed for the faculty members and research scholars who were keen to learn and enhance their knowledge in the field of Power Electronics using in renewable Energy. On 8th July 2019, the inauguration session was conducted in MDP Hall, Raman block where Prof. Vrjay Athavale, Director ABESEC; Prof Hemant Ahuja, FDP-Convener; Prof. G. Bhuvneshwari, Key-Note Speaker from IIT Delhi and other distinguished guests from research and academics graced the occasion. Director ABESEC, Prof. Vrjay Athavale and Prof. Hemant Ahuja delivered a welcome note to all guests and participants. Dr. Amit Agrawal & Dr. Vikas Bhadoria, FDP-Coordinators organized the 5-Day event.
Various eminent speakers from different reputed institutions delivered talk to make teaching learning process more comprehensible, focused and result oriented. Faculties working in different institutions affiliated from AKTU were invited to get benefit from this golden opportunity. Around 50 faculty members participated from different organizations with great zeal and passion. Faculty development Program on “Power Electronics in Renewable Energy” focuses on upgrading the teaching, learning & research skill about the advances in theory & practice of Power Electronics in the field of renewable Energy. This program is aimed to cater faculty members & researchers from a wide range of power electronics related areas in renewable energy.
Day-1 (8th July 2019)
Speaker: Prof. G. Bhuvneshwari
Report: Prof. Bhuvaneshwari discussed on OFF shore and ON shore WECS and their advantage& disadvantages. Then she explained three configurations in Wind &then continued the session with various Wind Energy Conversion Systems. In that she discussed WECS – Schematic Diagram, WECS with AC-DC-AC conversion, WECS – Different configurations, Control of SCIG based WECS, Control of DFIG Based WECS, PMSG based WECS. She also discussed about advantages of PMSG. Then the session was continued with various types of Power Converter control for WECS like Machine side converter control. Generally, it is done for achieving MPP. This could be Vector Control or Direct Torque Control. In this Reference speed may be set based on WT Characteristics This may require sensing the wind speed. Hill climbing method is a better technique; no need for wind speed sensing. Another one is Grid-side converter control. This is for real and reactive power control. This control is Similar to vector control. In this control three-phase currents sensed and converted into two-phase form. Then the direct and Q-axes currents are controlled independently Both these converters also help in achieving FRT or LVRT. She explained about Grid codes requirements from WECS like Fault ride through (FOR 7 to 8 CYCLES), Active/reactive power control, Voltage and frequency control, Power quality, System protection. Solar PV Systems, Solar PV with MPPT or DC voltage controller, single & two stage solar PV generating system; Different solar PV Configurations has been discussed. In the session, emphasis has been given on DC to DC converter, Isolated DC to DC converter, Half Bridge and Full Bridge. The session was ended with the discussion on AC-AC converter with bi-directional self-commutating devices, Power Electronic Transformer, Hybrid System, Small Hydro systems, Battery Energy Storage System.
Speaker: Dr. Deepali Sharma
Report: She started her presentation with the discussion on World Energy Scenario, and then India’s Energy Scenario continued the session with Hybrid Energy System (HES). In that she discussed Various Recent Areas of Research in Hybrid Energy Systems (MPPT of Hybrid Sub Systems, Optimization of cost and size, Energy management/Power Control in Hybrid System, Power Quality in Hybrid System). She told that for approaching any of the above problems in HES, the foremost requirement is modeling and simulation of hybrid energy subsystems after which only they may be analyzed for above problems.
Modeling and Simulation of Hybrid Energy Subsystems Includes modeling and simulation of various renewable energy sources and energy storage systems and will be taken up with the help of various examples on HES. There are a number of software tools that may be used to design hybrid energy systems such as HOMER, PVSYST, SOMES, RAPSIM, SOLSIM, INSEL and PV-Design Pro. Each of these has their own advantages. But, MATLAB/ Simulink package is most popular because of its user-friendly graphical interfaces and ease of implementation. In example-1 of Application to Hybrid Electric Vehicle in design, Modeling and control of a photovoltaic powered Electric vehicle, She discussed Classification of Electric Vehicles (Hybrid electric vehicle, Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, Battery electric vehicle, Series, Parallel, Series-Parallel), Photovoltaic powered Electric Vehicle (EV), Photovoltaic (PV) array integration with EV, PV and battery powered electric vehicle model, Energy Management Subsystem, Photovoltaic and battery powered PMSM drive scheme in MATLAB/Simulink. She presented Data sheet for solar array, Electric vehicle data, Size of PV module to be mounted on electric vehicle, Modeling of PMSM, Simulation of PV-fed PMSM drive with vector control, Modeling of PMSM. In Example-2 of Application to Hybrid Electric Vehicle in design of Energy Management System for a PV assisted conventional vehicle, she presented PV System for auxiliary loads of Conventional Vehicle, Electrical/Electronic loads of a typical Automobile, Data sheet for solar array KD240GH-2PB, Vehicle data (for a typical small family car) (marutisuzuki swift), Simulink model for the proposed system with DC load, Simulink model for the PV assisted vehicle for AC load. In Example-3 of Application to Hybrid Renewable Power Generation System in cost optimization of an off-grid HES for a remote group of villages in India, she talked about Cost optimization of Hybrid Energy System, Tools available for optimization problem of HES etc.. In Example-4 of Application to Hybrid Renewable Power Generation System in small signal stability analysis of an off-grid HES she deliberated about Frequency Control of HES, Block Diagram of Proposed Hybrid System, Aqua-Electrolyzer for production of hydrogen etc.. In end she also presented Research outcome. She concluded that various results obtained clearly validate the design of proposed systems and provide a better platform for further research in these areas. Lastly she deliberated future scope that Frequency Control of HES undertaken can also be extended for grid connected systems, Power Quality problems like AVR using different controllers for a HES may also be investigated and Comparative analysis between proposed photovoltaic powered electric vehicle using battery and photovoltaic powered fuel cell vehicles can be undertaken.
Speaker: Prof. Sanjay Gairola
Report: Rooftop photovoltaic power system uses one or more SPV panels installed on rooftops of residential or commercial buildings to convert sunlight to electricity. It also comprises of DC to AC power converters/inverters, racking system for supporting modules, electrical wiring and interconnections. The urban environment provides a large amount of empty rooftop spaces and can inherently avoid potential land used and environmental concerns. Estimating rooftop solar isolation is a multi-faceted process.
A maximum power tracking algorithm exploiting operating point information gained on individual solar panels is presented. The proposed algorithm recognizes the presence of multiple local maxima in the power voltage curve of a shaded solar field and evaluates the coordinated of the absolute maximum. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is evidenced by means of circuit level simulation and experimental results. Experiments evidenced that, in comparison with a standard perturb and observe algorithm, we achieve faster convergence in normal operating conditions (when the solar field is uniformly illuminated) and we accurately locate the absolute maximum power point in partial shading conditions, thus avoiding the convergence on local maxima.
In the last few years photovoltaic (PV) installations have become familiar in the landscape of our countries. Their diffusion was initially encouraged by even aggressive, apparently uneconomical, feed-in tariffs; nevertheless the merit of those policies is now fully appreciable and consists in the impressive prices fall for all components of a PV plant, so much so that less than 2 €/Wp are now required as total investment. According to such low prices led the cost of PV energy to be comparable with conventional energy sources and facilitated self-sustainment of the PV market. However, some limiting factors, which are inherently embedded in the PV technology, still persist. One of them is the large dependence on shadows, as they cause dramatic degradation of energy production. This issue prevents PV diffusion in the urban context where neighbour buildings can likely affect daily irradiance actually available on rooftop sites. The effect of shadowing is the deformation of the power-voltage curve exhibited by affected subfield. As will be shown in the next sections, indeed, the power-voltage (P-V) curve of locally shaded strings (with the term string we indicate a group of series connected solar panels) is characterized by the presence of multiple local maxima; the consequence is that maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithms often stabilizes the PV system at an output power that is lower than the maximum achievable. This problem can be completely avoided by adopting distributed conversion schemes exploiting either micro inverter or solar panel optimizers. Both of them lead each solar panel working at its own MPP; the drawback is that a complex power electronic circuit is brought on board solar panels, thus inducing a not negligible fault probability. As an alternative some centralized inverters allow a periodic scanning of the whole power-voltage curve which univocally individuates the absolute maximum on the curve; in this case a trade-off exists between the scan frequency and energy production because each time a scan is performed the system is driven far from the MPP; thus, when the string is uniformly irradiated the scan is definitively detrimental.
Day-2 (9th July 2019)
Speaker: Mr. Avanish pati Tripathi
Report: The problems with renewable energy and energy storage have been addressed and speaker tried to suggest solution by interpretation of different data available and collected for reference. There can be various curves drawn which will help in prediction of the root and help to resolve the cause. It is found that Demand lowest at 4:00 PM. Ramp up in the morning as people wake up. Demand peaks at night.Various curves which can be helpful in estimation are as follows: The renewable energy curve tells that solar energy starts producing after 8 am and stops before 6 PM. Just before the energy demand will be highest. Wind energy peaks when energy demand is lowest. The duck curve is Solar energy disappears as the demand peaks. Due to injection of renewable energy it forms duck curve which disturbs the energy grid. The coal and Nuclear Power plant have to ramp up the production. Current scenario doesn’t permit easily this kind of ramp up.
The problems associated to this can be practical or economical. The practical problems may be risk of grid failure, over production, ramping up of coal and nuclear is tough, solar energy is being wasted. While on the other hand economical problems may be as thermal and nuclear only economic when in constant operation, employment and business is affected due to irregular operation. Solution to this is energy storage such as heat, mechanical, chemical, batteries.
The solution to the above is not a general solution. It itself has few problems associated to it. Problem with chemical energy storage may be very low life, very expensive, highly explosive and reactive, losses efficiency on every charge and discharge cycle, large volume but energy storage capacity. Problems with solar photo voltaic plant may be duck curve, very high investment, very low efficiency high cost replacement in case of any breakdown or damage. Partial Shading.
Solar Thermals are more beneficial as they have more efficiency, need less investment, have easy repair and maintenance. The disadvantages are it has flaws, are inconsistent and kill birds. Solution for bird death can be smaller solar thermal units, parabolic trough designs, enclosed trough Fresnel design but temperature can’t reach too high. Energy Storage can be done by Steam accumulator (50 bar, 285 0 Celsius) Molten salt storage Phase-change materials for storage (Stores energy in form of latent heat) ex. hydrates. Molten Salt Storage (Heat Storage) Molten salt is liquid at atmospheric pressure. non flammable, Non toxic, saltpeter- 60% sodium nitrate and 40% Potassium Nitrate melting at 230 degree Celsius and can be stored at 290 degree Celsius calcium nitrate melts at 1310 C so more energy can be extracted. 400,000 kWh can be stored in a cylindrical tank of 11 meter height and 11 meter radius electricity can be generated 24 hours by either turbine or sterling engine. Sterling Engine is hot air engine first made by Robert sterling in 1816. They have efficiency up to 50%, they make very little noise, no pollution, takes bit more space than IC engine, solar thermal sterling have efficiency of 32%.
Conclusion: Alternative for non renewable energy resources can fully replace the non renewable energy if properly implemented, solves the duck curve problem, no partial shading problem, high efficiency.
Total Revenue- 180,880,000 (year 1), 202,362,000 (year 2), 215,118,000(year 3)
Profit- 157,505,380(year 1), 176,636,690 (year 2), 188,181,695(year 3)
Complete Plant and machinery- 148,466,600/-
Social impact: It will create many jobs directly and indirectly, lead to create a micro economy around the plant, waste will be cleaned, methane emission in atmosphere will be reduced, income will increase, housewives will get more safer and cheaper fuel, reduction in health problem, will help mitigate and fight global warming, will help solve fuel problem.
Speaker: Prof. G. Bhuvaneshwari
Report: Prof. Bhuvaneshwari discussed various types of Power Converter control for WECS like Machine side converter control. As per her discussion, Hill climbing method is a better technique; no need for wind speed sensing. Another one is Grid-side converter control. This is for real and reactive power control. This control is Similar to vector control. In this control three-phase currents sensed and converted into two-phase form. Then the direct and Q-axes currents are controlled independently Both these converters also help in achieving FRT or LVRT. She explained about Grid codes requirements from WECS like Fault ride through (FOR 7 to 8 CYCLES), Active/reactive power control, Voltage and frequency control, Power quality, System protection. Solar PV Systems, Solar PV with MPPT or DC voltage controller, single & two stage solar PV generating system; Different solar PV Configurations has been discussed. The session was ended with the discussion on Voltage source inverter, Multi-level inverters (CHB), Modular Multi-level converters, Cyclo-converter.
Speaker: Mr. Arnab Mitra
Report: Mr. Arnab Mitra is Director at P2 Power Solutions (P) Ltd. His topic of session was “Power quality and renewable energy”. He talked about issues related to power quality and energy management. Many case studies have been discussed, where the company has provided the solutions. He has discussed about detuned reactors, multi level active harmonic filters, hybrid PF correction panel, line filters, micro inverter, solar EPC and other related custom solutions.
Day-3 (10th July 2019)
Speaker: Prof. Ashish Shrivasttava
Report: He started his presentation with the discussion on Energy Industry – The Ecosystem and continued the session with Renewable Energy Sources. In that He discussed Advantages of rooftop grid interfaced PV systems, Issues in grid interfaced PV system, Building Integrated Solar Photovoltaic. He talked about Residential Photovoltaic (PV) Systems and Classification of Solar Energy Conversion Systems. He told about various Maximum Power Point Tracking Techniques, Grid-Tied System and VSC Based Solar Energy Conversion System with Indirect Cost Reduction. Then he deliberated the Classification of Grid Interfaced SPV System:- SPV system Feeding energy into the grid, Feeds almost sinusoidal current at UPF (1 phase), Feeds balanced sinusoidal current at UPF(3 phase), SPV system with Indirect cost reduction and Feeds extracted solar energy into the grid.
He also discussed Time domain control algorithms and Frequency domain control algorithms. He talked about Classification of Grid Interfaced SPV Configurations:- Single Stage, Double stage and System Configuration of Two-Stage Single-Phase.
Then he showed the test results and lastly summarized that Classification and design of various VSC based single-phase and three-phase configurations for SECSs have been investigated for feeding solar PV power into the grid, wherein the SECSs include conventional PV inverter as well as multifunctional PV VSCs which simultaneously help in power quality improvement. The performance of various single-stage and two-stage system configurations is implemented and evaluated. The control and implementation of single-phase and two-stage grid tied SECS have been achieved. A boost converter is used for MPPT and a single-phase bridge VSC is used as grid interfacing power converter. A simple control and implementation of a two-stage PV inverter is carried out under nominal and non-ideal grid conditions. The control and implementation of single-phase single-stage grid tied SECS for single power conversion stage based PV inverter SECS is carried out under nominal and non-ideal grid conditions. The control and implementation of two-stage three-phase three-wire grid tied SECS are made. A boost converter is used for MPPT and a three-phase bridge VSC is used as grid interfacing power converter. The novel control and implementation for three-phase three-“wire grid tied PV inverter is carried out under nominal and non-ideal grid conditions. The control and implementation of single-stage three-phase three-wire grid tied SECS for single-stage three-phase PV inverter and a three-leg VSC based SECS with load compensation are carried out.
Speaker: Mr. Pramod Singh
Report: We were briefed about the evolution and working of POSOCO. Pertinent informations were conveyed regarding current strategies to dispatch renewable generation in lights of conventional generation. The role of government and private bodies were discussed in order to enhance the penetration of renewables in Grid. Some government initiatives like suryamitra were discussed. Importance of DC micro grid got discussed in detail. Problems associated with conventional grid were also highlighted which includes: Evaccuation of power from remote areas, management of congestion in transmission network, right of way, financial disputes settlement among private players etc. One of the interesting point included was imposement of penalty when generation mismatches demand.
Further extension of talk focused upon Grid Management and intermittency control, challenges associated with large scale integration of renewables, road map for 2022 and economics related to operation of Grid.
It was an information rich session where lots of technical informations, initiatives and open access links were discussed from where the researchers can retrieve data. The talk was concluded with expected developments in near future, renewable supporting policies and regulations.
Speaker: Dr. Suresh Singh
Report: Bulk power system is designed to meet customer demand in real time. The drivers for increased adoption of Renewable Energy are environmental concerns, rapidly depleting sources of conventional fossil fuels, increasing need for reliable and quality power supply, zero fuel cost of renewable energy sources like solar and wind, new concept of smart grids, advancements in power electronic technology. The attributes of renewable energy are variability, uncertainty, reduction of system inertia, availability of renewable energy. The methods of reducing Variability are Aggregation and using complimentary nature of resource.
The Renewable Energy Interconnection Requirements are Auto synchronization, steady-state and short-circuit current constraints, power Quality ( e.g. harmonics <1%, DC injection level<0.5% of rated current), voltage and frequency tolerance (+-10%, +-0.1%), reactive power and voltage control, contribution to ancillary services, stability, capability to withstand disturbances, protection and islanding. The five type of wind Generators are Directly coupled IG in which there is no pf control i.e. depends on operating point, IG with full size VSI, DFIG which requires VSI of (1/3)rd of rated capacity, SG with full converter, PMSG with full converter.
The Solar PV Inverter Topologies are Inverter with 50 Hz transformer, Inverter with high frequency transformer, Transformer-less inverter-low weight, Cuk or Zeta inverter, Resonant Inverter. These all have their respective different weight, size and efficiency. A DC micro-grid is a collection of onsite generation, storage and controllable loads that can operate in grid connected mode and isolated mode to supply reliable and quality power. We use DC micro-grid because of various reasons such as no issue of reactive power and harmonics, increased power transfer capacity, lighting loads, simpler control. The majority of electrical equipment works on DC supply Such as tablet or laptop charger. It can also be used in Air Conditioners, water Coolers etc.
There are also some challenges which the DC micro-grid controller had to overcome like it has complex fault detection and clearance problem, need safety when operation is done at high voltage and the stability issues. Renewable energy integration around the world is seen as a solution to transform conventional power systems into sustainable power systems ensuring supply of sufficient clean energy. However, along with several merits, integration of renewable energy into the grid possess many challenges too. For small scale distribution systems DC micro-grids are evolving as one of the preferred alternatives due relatively simple control and higher efficiency. Non-linear loads in power electronics based renewable energy systems poses stability challenges. The proposed nonlinear control approach ensures robustness and stability of the system under high penetration of Constant Power Loads in PV based DC Micro-grid.
Day-4 (11th July 2019)
Speaker: Dr. Bhavnesh Kumar
Report: The talk initiated with the importance of renewable generation. The potential of Wind and Solar Energy resources was discussed briefly. The Solar cell characteristics along with modelling were discussed in detail. Imporatnce of maximum power point tracking illustrated specifically.
Various techniques for optimization of solar power were discussed which included both classical and artificial intelligence based techniques. The problem of obtaining maximum point in multiple peaks was discussed in detail. The relation between efficiency of solar cell and multiple peaks was explained. The problem of partial shading in solar panel also got sufficient focus.
The use of neural and fuzzy systems in order to get rid of local maximums and/ or partial shading was the highlight of the session. It got concluded that in the operation of PV panel the maximum point can be obtained efficiently by neural and fuzzy logic based techniques in less computational time.
Speaker: Dr. Yogesh Singh Chauhan
Report: Energy crisis is experienced worldwide, which inspired the development of renewable energy sources e.g. photovoltaic, wind, bio-fuel and small hydro, etc. Nowadays, PV based power generation is attaining more popularity due to its emission less, eco-friendly features. But, the deteriorating performance during PSCs is a partial shading condition is a matter of research. The total capacity of India in Solar PV power generation has reached to 23 GW (30 June 2018). India has progressed (8 times) its solar generation capacity from 2650 MW on May, 2014. Karnataka is the clear leader among all Indian states with an installed capacity of around 5 GW in 2018. India’s largest solar power plant is in Kamuthi, TN located in Tamil Nadu with a capacity of approx.700 MW.The country’s solar installed capacity reached 29.41 GW as of 31 May 2019. There are many issues which are related to solar cell efficiency. Almost 90% of PV technology is based on Silicon which is mostly used in crystalline silicon solar panels. These poly crystalline solar panels have related issues of low Efficiency: 12.5-14% (approx), lower heat tolerance. There are many other materials used to construct PV cell with their efficiency are Dye sensitized solar cell: 7-8 %, Organic thin film: 2-3 %, Gallium Arsenide: 18-30 %, Perovskite: 23%. There are generally two solar energy tracking methods: conventional and automatic. In conventional tracking system the energy production can be optimized by adjusting the tilt angle manually while in automatic system tilt angle are automatically changed following the axis of the maximum solar energy.
Main causes of occurring Partial Shading conditions (PSC) on PV array: Dust accumulation Shadow caused by tree, pole, building and passing clouds etc. The shading has predominant effect on PV modules performance in an array, which thereby minimizes the produced power. To reduce these PSCs and mismatch losses of PV system bypass diode and modification of solar PV array configurations are implemented. The shading has predominant effects on PV modules performance in an array which results in reduced power at GMPP, Fill factor, Increased Mismatch power loss, Reduced Performance ratio, Multiple MPP. There are different patterns to design a solar PV array like, NS (new scheme), SP (series parallel) configuration, TCT (total cross tied) configuration, BL(bridge linked) configuration, HC (honey comb) combination and many more, Hybrid configuration of the above configurations etc. The performance of NS configuration has more efficiency with power enhancement of 13.2 %, maximum reduction in power losses by 496W, increment in FF by 1.92 and PR is obtained 85% as compared to classical TCT configuration for shadowing movements. Overall, it is concluded that the proposed NS configuration with shade dispersion enhanced the performance as compared to the TCT configuration under the considered PSCs.
In future research on semiconductor materials can be done to improve efficiency used in SPV systems. Requirement of Machine learning based on smart monitoring and performance enhancement as Robotics applications for dust cleaning on PV module surface. Future study on system automation for mechanical infrastructure development for solar irradiation tracking and for maximum energy harvesting. Solar assisted electric vehicles/ hybrid electrical vehicles and use of power electronics to enhance the capability of solar integrated systems are some application under study.
Speaker: Dr. Jay Singh
Report: In general way, 87% energy comes from burning fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) and 6% comes from Nuclear Power Plant and remaining from renewable energies. Solar, wind and water are renewable which means they can be used over and over again. As demand of energy increases renewable energy play an important role in supporting world’s clean energy needs.
Power converters are needed in almost all kinds of renewable energy system. The major function of power electronic circuit is to process and control the flow of electrical power by supplying suitable voltages and current optimally used for user loads. Modern power electronic converters are involved in a very broad spectrum of applications like
- Switched mode power supplies
- Active power filters
- Vehicular technology
Power electronic provides reliable / secure power supply, high efficiency, low cost, small volume, effective protection and control of active and reactive power injected into grid.
To strengthen the optimization of the power grids and to ensure the safety of the power grid and to improve power quality and market, a Smart grid is established. The main problem with use of grid connected power electronic converters is the negative incremental resistor behavior observed in their input and output terminal impedances which make the grid prone to harmonics and stability problems. Different topologies of power converter for wind turbine and PV plant has been also discussed. In photovoltaic generation system, the power level is normally much lower for each of converter cell compared to wind turbine application .As a result single phase topology is dominant for PV application. H-Bridge topology is highly efficient and reliable inverter concept. It is suitable for PV system.
Day-5 (12th July 2019)
Speaker: Dr. Naqui Anwer
Report: The energy sector in India has seen a transformational change with progressive policy-level changes and effective implementation of directives. These changes promise enormous opportunities for various stakeholders and market players. However, deep thinking on various aspects of policy and regulatory interventions and their long-term implications will help in taking informed decisions and contribute in developing the sector. Energy is one of the key enablers for the country’s economic development. With the certainty in policy-level interventions, the economy is bound to propagate and the demand for energy will inevitably surge. Other than economic growth, human developmental aspects like poverty reduction, employment generation, etc. are also considerably dependent on secure energy supply. The power sector is a major consumer of energy and it has a significant impact on economic developments and social welfare. Per-capita electricity consumption of the country has now crossed 1,000 kilowatt-hour (kWh), but still, it is far below the average global consumption. As on June 2015, all-India generation capacity stood at 275 GWatts with a contribution of 69% from thermal energy, 15% from hydro, 13% from renewable, and 2% from nuclear sources. The eastern region contributes 12% to the total generation capacity. Despite the efforts to generate more electrical energy by using multiple energy sources, the country has recorded a shortage of 3.6% of demand in FY15. As per the Central Electricity Authority’s (CEA) Load Generation Balance Report 2015-16, in spite of the expected capacity addition of 20 GW, the country will probably experience energy shortage. Key energy sources used for generating electricity are coal, lignite, petroleum and natural gas, renewable sources, etc. Nearly 80% of the country’s coal reserves are located in the eastern states of Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal, with the highest reserve of around 81 billion tonne in Jharkhand. India has a total reserve of an estimated 43.24 billion tonne of lignite, of which 99% is located in Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan and Gujarat. As much as 68% of crude oil reserves are in western offshore and Assam, whereas eastern offshore encompasses 7% of the reserves. But it has the maximum reserve of natural gas at 37.24%, which is followed by western offshore at 30.17%. India also has a high potential for energy generation from renewable sources like biomass, cogeneration biogases, solar, wind and small hydro sources. The eastern region also has a good potential of power generation from wind, small hydro, biomass and solar sources. In the recent past, policymakers have initiated multiple steps towards improving the power sector output and benefit consumers. These include the proposed amendment to the Electricity Act, round-the-clock power supply, the Coal Mines Special Provision Ordinance, coal auction and allocation, auction of natural gas, Integrated Power Development Scheme, Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana, aggressive renewable energy generation targets and massive transmission connectivity plans. Proposed provisions and interventions will modify the energy sourcing mix, secure fuel for power generation, bring efficiency and competition in the sector, enhance clean energy generation, increase power supply to households, strengthen the grid, generate business and employment opportunities, etc. This will impact electricity tariffs, operations of utility, and environmental conditions, and increase accountability of stakeholders and consumers. In this context, the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), along with Price water house Coopers Private Limited (PwC) as a knowledge partner, is bringing together policymakers, thought leaders, investors, utilities, regulators, funding agencies and private players to discuss and debate the opportunities and implications of these changes and set forth directions for all the stakeholders in the Indian power and energy sectors.
Speaker: Dr. Vikas Singh Bhadoria
Report: Dr. Bhadoria has started in optimization technique with introduction and broad applications. He also gave idea regarding optimization modeling, optimization problems, types of optimization algorithms, classification of optimization algorithms and PSO. All the topics have been discussed in detail in reference to renewable sector. He started the classification of optimization techniques from classical method to advance techniques. In the advance method, he explored Swarm intelligence, Bio-inspired and Physical based techniques. He also focused on the way by which we can chose the parameters those are main factor for better results. He gave a bit idea to researchers regarding these techniques too.
• Speakers from both Academia and Industry took various sessions.
• Speakers from esteemed institutions such as IIT Delhi, NSUT Delhi and NITs covered various topics of renewable
energy including Solar, wind and Hydro.
• Use of Power electronics in renewable sector has discussed in detail by various speakers too.
• Speakers provided hands on experience with visualization tools such as MATLAB.
The major topics that will be covered in FDP are:
• The converters on Renewable Energy System
• Important issues in Solar PV System
• Waste to Energy production
• Power quality issue in renewable energy
• Simulation and analysis of hybrid energy system
• Solar PV system: Latest trends and challenges
• Power electronics in Renewable energy
• Non linear loads in renewable energy based DC Microgrids
• MPPT in PV system using Fuzzy Logic
• Challenges in Solar power generation
• Policies and regulatory framework of Indian power sector
• Optimization Techniques in Renewable sector
|DR. ASHISH SHRIVASTAVA||Professor||Manipal University Jaipur, India||Renewable energy|
|Arnab Mitra||Director||P2 Power Solutions Private Limited, Noida||Renewable energy|
|Dr. G. Bhuvneshwari||Professor||IIT, Delhi||Solar Power|
|Dr. Sanjay Gairola||Professor||G B Pant Institute of Engineering & Technology, Pauri.||Solar System|
|Mr. Avanish Pati Tripathi||Director||LiderORG Gas Private Limited, New Delhi||Renewable energy|
|Mr. Pramod Singh||DGM||Corporate Engineering, PSOC Limited, New Delhi.||Renewable energy|
|Dr. Jay Singh||Associate Professor||G. L. Bajaj Institute of Technology & Management, Greater Noida.||Renewable energy|
|Dr. Bhavnesh Kumar||Assistant Professor||NSUT, Delhi||Solar Power|
|Dr. Yogesh Kumar Chauhan||Associate Professor||KNIT Sultanpur||Challenges in Solar Power Generation|
|Dr. Deepali Sharma||Assistant Professor||Guru Tegh Bahadur Institute of Technology, New Delhi||Simulation & Analysis of Hybrid Energy System|
|Dr. Naqui Anwer||Associate Professor||TERI School of Advanced Studies, New Delhi||Policies and Regulatory Framework of Indian Power Sector|
|Dr. Suresh Singh||Associate Professor & Head||JSS Academy of Technical Education, Noida||Non-linear Loads in Renewable Energy Based DC Microgrids|
|Dr. Vikas Singh Bhadoria||Associate Professor||ABES Engineering College, Ghaziabad||Optimization Techniques|